The Report delivered by Comrade Ramiz Alia on behalf of the Political Bureau of the Party to the 12th Plenum of the Central Committee has generated interest among all the communists and social strata. The discussions amongst the Party and people have aroused a new mobilization at work to carry out the numerous tasks we are faced with, the newspaper Zeri i Popullit stressed in an editorial on the importance of the decisions of the 12th Plenum.
The Party, the editorial stresses, won its leading role from the time of its founding. It was the only political force which appeared before the people with a clear platform for the road it was going to pursue, and the people powerfully supported it. For half a century, the Party has been acclaimed as a leading force with indisputable authority. The times confronted the Party with the need to cope with the new situations and to earn its leading role through work, militancy and advanced thinking.
The 12th Plenum recommends that the new Constitution define more precisely the article on the Party as "the only leading political force of the state". The changes proposed on the status of the Party, Zeri i
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Popullit stresses, are dictated by the concrete reality, in which the Party has gained its leading role not through decrees and laws, but through self‑sacrificing work and struggle, and loyalty to the interests of the people, the homeland and socialism. This does not mean that in this way the Party limits the attributes of a leading party and its role. On the contrary, the editorial points out, this proves that in the future too the Party will be a political body which represents the most advanced and patriotic force of the society, closely linked with the interests of the people.
The transformation of the existing social organizations into full pluralistic bodies, reconstructing their relations with the Party and the state, Zeri i Popullit writes, will in practice bring about such changes and improvements in the social life which will further enhance the role of these organizations. The demand of the Party that these organizations be no longer considered "levers" but have their own independent plans shows its care for the social mass organizations and testifies to the tolerance and emancipation of the Party itself, in treating them as completely equal partners fully capable of discussing and deciding on various problems of the country’s life.
This is not a withdrawal of the Party from its leading role. The step taken, the newspaper points out, should be considered as an imperative one for the times. Here we have to do not with the weakening of the leading role of the Party, but with its enhancement. This would be a genuine and effective leadership, having no need for formal formulae and acts and legal codifications.
The separation of the Party’s activity from that of the state means that each must perform its duties, that the state must act first and above all through the laws, as a juridical state, because the Party’s policy, the interests of the country’s working people, are reflected in the laws. But this does not mean that the Party will not engage in the economy and other activities covered by the state organisms. It will engage in them, but not by duplicating the organs of the state power, rather by mobilizing pubic opinion and the working people to solve the great problems of the economy, ideology, politics and social phenomena.
These measures adopted by the Party constitute a real reform to enable Albania, our beloved Homeland, to keep pace with contemporary standards, the Zeri i Popullit editorial writes in conclusion. The 12th Plenum considered the example set by the communists and their militant commitment as a call for the implementation of the great tasks set forth, for the solution of the economic and political problems of the times. (Albanian Telegraphic Agency)